New PDF release: Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction

By Geoffrey L.J. Haig

The Iranian languages, as a result of their remarkable time-depth of attestation, represent one of many only a few situations the place a shift from accusative alignment to split-ergativity is basically documented. but remarkably, inside ancient syntax, the Iranian case has bought simply very superficial assurance. This publication presents the 1st in-depth remedy of alignment switch in Iranian, from outdated Persian (5 C. BC) to the current. the 1st a part of the booklet examines the declare that ergativity in heart Iranian emerged from an outdated Iranian agented passive building. This view is rejected in favour of a concept which hyperlinks the emergence of ergativity to exterior ownership. therefore the first mechanisms concerned isn't reanalysis, however the extension of a pre-existing building. The thought of Non-Canonical Subjecthood performs a pivotal position, which within the current account is associated with the semantics of what's termed oblique Participation. within the moment a part of the publication, a comparative examine modern West Iranian is undertaken. it may be proven that in the course of the next advancements within the morphosyntax, special elements akin to contract, nominal case marking, or the grammar of cliticisation, actually constructed remarkably independently of each other. It used to be this de-coupling of sub-systems of the morphosyntax that ended in the infamous multiplicity of alignment varieties in Iranian, a proven fact that additionally characterises past-tense alignments within the sister department of Indo-European, Indo-Aryan. in addition to information from greater than 20 Iranian languages, provided in a fashion that renders them obtainable to the non-specialist, there's wide dialogue of extra normal issues similar to the adequacy of useful money owed of adjustments in case platforms, discourse strain and the position of animacy, the suggestion of go with the flow, and the query of alignment in early Indo-European.

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